Стандарт

 

ХАРАКТЕР, ПОВЕДЕНИЕ

 

Мощная, сильная собака, которую не надо специально дрессировать, в нее заложены ее функции от Бога. Многофункционален – волкодав, охранник, спасатель, боец, сторож. Независим, привязывается к семье ощущая себя ее членом. Достаточно самостоятелен, без признаков агрессии, довольно – таки спокойная собака с уравновешенной психикой.

 

ВНЕШНИЙ ВИД

 

Крупная,  хорошо сбалансированная, физически развитая, с хорошим костяком, крупной красивой клинообразной головой, мощной шеей, развитой грудной клеткой, с выраженной линией живота,  подтянут, сильный корпус. Прямые параллельные конечности, с ярко выраженными углами задних конечностей. Красив, силен, прыток, оставляет неизгладимое впечатление.

 

ТИП КОНСТИТУЦИИ

 

Крепкий и крепко – грубый с массивным костяком, сильно развитой мускулатурой и толстой кожей.

 

ФОРМАТ

 

ИНДЕКС РАСТЯНУТОСТИ РАВЕН 108-110

 

 

ГОЛОВА

 

Крупная, ярко выраженная, хорошо  развитая, но не с выдающимися скулами, без признаков сухости, впечатляющая. Черепная часть широкая, с мягким переходом от лба к морде.

Для Гампра характерны мощные челюсти. 60  общей длины головы составляет череп, а остальные 40  приходятся на морду. Лоб ровный и почти параллелен переносице. Уши расположены немного ниже уровня глаз. Глаза карие или медовые,  в зависимости от окраса с умным изучающим, умудренным опытом армянским взглядом термин используется при описанииГампров Строгое и серьёзное выражение глаз проявляется даже у щенков в возрасте нескольких недель. Зубы белые, сильные, хорошо развитые. Во рту зубы расположенные тесно друг к другу. Центры зубов расположены на одной линии. Ножницеобразный прикус.

 Шея мощная, крепкая, мускулистая, среднего наклона и средней длины. Строгое и серьёзное выражение глаз проявляется даже у щенков в возрасте нескольких недель. Зубы белые, сильные, хорошо развитые. Во рту зубы расположенные тесно друг к другу. Центры зубов расположены на одной линии. Ножницеобразный прикус.

 

ШЕЯ

 

 Шея мощная, крепкая, мускулистая, среднего наклона и средней длины.

 

КОРПУС

 

 Удлиненность формируется за счет грудной клетки, а не поясницы. Грудь широкая и глубокая, со слегка закругленной грудной клеткой. Нижняя линия груди должна быть ниже уровня локтевого сустава. Живот продолжает линию груди, подтянутый. Холка выделяется над линией спины. Спина широкая, прямая, мускулистая и сильная. Поясница короткая и мускулистая. Круп удлиненный, широкий и прямой.

 

РАЗМЕРЫ

 

Высота в холке у кобелей — не ниже 67 см, у сук — не менее 63 см., при пропорциональном телосложении рост в холке может быть выше и достигать К -74-77см, а С- 65–71см. Вес должен соответствовать общему размеру собаки, обычно варьирует от 45-50 кг до 70 кг, но может быть и выше.

 

ПЕРЕДНИЕ КОНЕЧНОСТИ

 

При осмотре спереди прямые, параллельны друг другу. Локти и плечевые кости длинные, образуют угол плече - лопаточного сочленения около 108—110 градусов. Предплечья прямые, массивные, параллельно поставлены. Запястья длинные, массивные, параллельно поставлены. При взгляде сбоку запястья поставлены косо.

 

ЗАДНИЕ КОНЕЧНОСТИ

 

При осмотре сзади — прямые и параллельные друг другу, сбоку — несколько выпрямленные в коленных и скакательных суставах. Бедро и голень длинные, скакательные суставы сильные, широкие, мускулистые. Коленный сустав хорошо выражен. Плюсны массивные, равны длине бедра. Пятки хорошо выражены. Пред пяточная часть  длинная и сильная.

ЛАПЫ

Круглые, крепкие, собранные в комок, с мягкими темными  подушечками.

 

ХВОСТ

 

Высоко посажен, в спокойном состоянии опущенный. При ходьбе или в раздраженном состоянии поднимается над спиной и принимает серпообразную или кольцевидную форму.

 

ШЕРСТНЫЙ ПОКРОВ

 

  Шерстный покров средней длины 2-6 см, с хорошо развитым подшерстком, короткий на морде и на конечностях, который защищает собаку в любых климатических условиях, которые так же влияют на длину шерсти, в регионах с более холодным климатом длина волоса может достигать 13 и более см. ведется работа по признанию длинношерстного типа в мировых кинологических  организациях, так как в Армении он всегда был признан с удлиненным остевым волосом.

 

ОКРАС

 

Окрас допускается любой кроме печеночного. Предпочтительна темная маска

 

ДВИЖЕНИЯ

 

Быстрые, свободные и уравновешенные. Передние и задние конечности движутся параллельно

 

НЕДОСТАТКИ

 

Считается недостатком  значительное отклонение от размеров, указанных в стандарте. Светлого цвета глаза и нос. Очень длинная, короткая или узкая морда. Жёлтого цвета, мелкие, редкие, сильно разрушенные зубы. Круглые, выпученные глаза. Короткий корпус. Узкая, или горбатая спина. Длинная поясниц. Короткий, резко скошенный круп.

 

ДИСКВАЛИФИЦИРУЮЩИЕ ПОРОКИ

 

Отсутствие двойной шерсти или подшерстка. Слепота, глухота. Крипторхизм полный или односторонний.

 

Standard in English language

 

Resolution of Breeding Commission 

of Kennel and Kennel-Sports Union of Armenia 
Chairperson of the Commission K. Petrosyan
Secretary L. Kamsaryan 

The modern Gampr has changed little within the history of its existence in Armenian Highlands. It is one of few natural breeds not subjected to hard selection by phenotype. They preserved the genetic variation that other dog breeds had initially. This genetic variation was promoted by spontaneous and, in some cases, intentional periodic matings with locally indigenous wolves still present. Gamprs differ by their vital capacity, independence, mind, strong self-preservation instinct, ability of the trustworthy defense and protection of livestock, and exclusive friendliness to humans.
This mountain dog's head is large, well-outlined and well-developed but lacks prominent cheekbones. The back is wide, straight, muscular and strong. At the withers, the height in male dogs is 67 centimetres 27 in or more, and in female dogs is 63 centimetres 25 in or more. Weight corresponds to the total size of the dog, and usually varies from 45-50 to 70-75 kilograms 118- to 165 lb.
The Armenian Gampr has a well-developed undercoat, in order to protect it under harsh conditions. Depending upon the coat length, there are two types: long-haired, with long top hairs, and short-haired, with dense, relatively short hair. A brown or piebald coat is undesirable according to the breed standard.
Physical Assessment
Head:
The head is relatively large and impressive with extremely powerful jaws. Skull is more than 50 of the head’s length. The flews are thick, tight and dry. The top of the skull slopes gently to the nearly-parallel muzzle with no marked stop.
Ears:
Top of ears set slightly above the eye level. Not so close as to give a ‘pinched’ look. If uncropped, ears should be hanging, triangular, not overly long.
Eyes:
Almond shaped, not bulging or recessed very deeply. The gaze is intelligent, confident and serious. Even young puppies demonstrate a serious and stern gaze typical of the breed. Pigment of skin around eyes is black.
Fault: white or pink pigment of eyelids. Entropian eyelid. Blue eyes.
Minor fault: excessive whites of eyes showing
Teeth:
White, strong, well developed, closely set, meeting in a scissor bite.
Note: individual dogs with a lighter, narrower jaw shall be bred to dogs with a heavier lower jaw.
Muzzle:
Muzzle is less than 50 of the length of the head. Lips and nose have black/dark skin pigment. Muzzle should be set on skull so that entire shape is smooth and relatively continuous. A triangular top view is preferred.
Neck:
Strong, well-muscled, moderately arched preferred over straight, no shorter than the length of the head
Body:
Long, the index is 108-112. The longish shape is mostly made up by the chest, and not the loin.
Chest:
Broad and deep, slightly rounded, should descend below the elbow. The correct placement of the elbow is at the level of the soft cartilage where the rib bones curve downward, but not below the rib cage. Ideal elbow placement is on soft portion of ribs.
Fault – elbow above or below the softer rib cage section.
Flank:
Continues the chest line, tucked-up.
Withers:
Moderately pronounced.
Back:
Broad, straight, muscled and powerful. Level preferred in adults. Young dogs may be higher in hips than withers.
Loin:
Wide and muscular. Narrower-loined dogs shall only be mated with stronger-loined dogs.
Croup:
Long, broad and level, or just slightly sloped.
Tail:
Set high, carried low in repose. When agitated or showing interest, the tail is carried high, in a curve or scythe-like.
Note: A dog with a tightly curled tail should not be bred to the same.
Forequarters:
Straight and parallel. The shoulder blades are long and oblique, angulated at 108-110 degrees. The forearms are straight, powerful and parallel. The pasterns are long and well angulated.
Hindquarters:
The thighs are long, thick and muscled. The upper thigh is the same length as the lower thigh, the stifle is well bent. The hock joint is well defined. The hock is strong and perpendicular to the ground when viewed from the rear.
Fault: straight stifle, sickle hocks, straight knee/’peg-leg’ when walking.
Paws:
Round, strong, compact, with elastic and soft pads.
PLUS: extra consideration shall be given to dogs who show longer tufts of hair between paws, especially with downy undercoat-type fur between toes.
Gait:
Agile, smooth and balanced. The forearms and hind legs move in parallel.
Color:
Any color is permissible; however skin of the nose and eye lids is black, except liverwurst.
Coat:
Shorter on the muzzle, face, flat portion on sides of shoulder blades and hindquarters. Some feathering on legs and thighs. Double coat. Outer coat is longer on the neck, chest, and over the withers and down the line of the back, by a visibly noticeable amount. The undercoat in winter should be well developed to protect the dog from the elements. Coats should shed cleanly at least once/year, and be able to be pulled smoothly from the remaining coat without excessive matting or struggle in grooming. Undercoat is softer and finer than outercoat.
Fault: inability to shed cleanly, matting up and needing assistance for shedding.
Size:
Minimum 27 inches 67sm at the withers for males and 2563sm inches for females. The weight should be according to the size, at least 106lbs 45kg for females and at least 165lbs 70 kg for males by three years of age. Average weight is 118 lbs 51 kg females, 177 lbs males.75kg, when proportioned parameters may be higher
Faults in addition to above:
Any significant deviation from minimum size parameters quoted in this standard.
Light colored eye lids, lips or nose.
Excessively long, short or narrow muzzle.
Yellow teeth.
Missing teeth
Protruding or bulging eyes.
Lacking sufficient angulation at hindquarters and in hock.
straight stifle.
Sway or roach back, long loin, short croup.
Any other bite but scissors.
feet not aligned parallel to body
Disqualifying features
Markedly timid or aggressive behavior.
‘bulldog’ type
Lack of double coat, lack of undercoat December-May.
Bilateral or unilateral cryptorchidism.
Blindness or deafness.
Lack of difference in coat length over withers, neck and chest
MEMBERS OF THE COMMISSION

President of Kennel Union of Armenia V. Gabrielyan, IKU dog expert
Chairperson of Breeding Commission, Head Veterinary Doctor of Kennel and Kennel-Sports Union of Armenia K. Petrosyan, dog expert of Kennel and Kennel-Sports Union of Armenia
Owner of «MKHITAR» Armenian Wolfhound Kennel V. Mkhitaryan, Candidate of Biologic Sciences, one-breed expert
Chairperson of «Commissar Reke» Service Dog Club K. Agharonyan, animal technician, one-breed expert
Chairperson of Cynological Service of «Hunters’ Union of Armenia» S. Aslanyan, 4th Group Expert, Candidate of Biologic Sciences
Armenian Wolfhound Breeder R. Papikyan, Representative of Gampr Fanciers’ Association
 

 

 

Español estándar

 

The modern Gampr has changed little within the history of its existence in Armenian Highlands. It is one of few natural breeds not subjected to hard selection by phenotype. They preserved the genetic variation that other dog breeds had initially. This genetic variation was promoted by spontaneous and, in some cases, intentional periodic matings with locally indigenous wolves still present. Gamprs differ by their vital capacity, independence, mind, strong self-preservation instinct, ability of the trustworthy defense and protection of livestock, and exclusive friendliness to humans.
This mountain dog's head is large, well-outlined and well-developed but lacks prominent cheekbones. The back is wide, straight, muscular and strong. At the withers, the height in male dogs is 67 centimetres 27 in or more, and in female dogs is 63 centimetres 25 in or more. Weight corresponds to the total size of the dog, and usually varies from 45-50 to 70-75 kilograms 118- to 165 lb.
The Armenian Gampr has a well-developed undercoat, in order to protect it under harsh conditions. Depending upon the coat length, there are two types: long-haired, with long top hairs, and short-haired, with dense, relatively short hair. A brown or piebald coat is undesirable according to the breed standard.
Physical Assessment
Head:
The head is relatively large and impressive with extremely powerful jaws. Skull is more than 50 of the head’s length. The flews are thick, tight and dry. The top of the skull slopes gently to the nearly-parallel muzzle with no marked stop.
Ears:
Top of ears set slightly above the eye level. Not so close as to give a ‘pinched’ look. If uncropped, ears should be hanging, triangular, not overly long.
Eyes:
Almond shaped, not bulging or recessed very deeply. The gaze is intelligent, confident and serious. Even young puppies demonstrate a serious and stern gaze typical of the breed. Pigment of skin around eyes is black.
Fault: white or pink pigment of eyelids. Entropian eyelid. Blue eyes.
Minor fault: excessive whites of eyes showing
Teeth:
White, strong, well developed, closely set, meeting in a scissor bite.
Note: individual dogs with a lighter, narrower jaw shall be bred to dogs with a heavier lower jaw.
Muzzle:
Muzzle is less than 50 of the length of the head. Lips and nose have black/dark skin pigment. Muzzle should be set on skull so that entire shape is smooth and relatively continuous. A triangular top view is preferred.
Neck:
Strong, well-muscled, moderately arched preferred over straight, no shorter than the length of the head
Body:
Long, the index is 108-112. The longish shape is mostly made up by the chest, and not the loin.
Chest:
Broad and deep, slightly rounded, should descend below the elbow. The correct placement of the elbow is at the level of the soft cartilage where the rib bones curve downward, but not below the rib cage. Ideal elbow placement is on soft portion of ribs.
Fault – elbow above or below the softer rib cage section.
Flank:
Continues the chest line, tucked-up.
Withers:
Moderately pronounced.
Back:
Broad, straight, muscled and powerful. Level preferred in adults. Young dogs may be higher in hips than withers.
Loin:
Wide and muscular. Narrower-loined dogs shall only be mated with stronger-loined dogs.
Croup:
Long, broad and level, or just slightly sloped.
Tail:
Set high, carried low in repose. When agitated or showing interest, the tail is carried high, in a curve or scythe-like.
Note: A dog with a tightly curled tail should not be bred to the same.
Forequarters:
Straight and parallel. The shoulder blades are long and oblique, angulated at 108-110 degrees. The forearms are straight, powerful and parallel. The pasterns are long and well angulated.
Hindquarters:
The thighs are long, thick and muscled. The upper thigh is the same length as the lower thigh, the stifle is well bent. The hock joint is well defined. The hock is strong and perpendicular to the ground when viewed from the rear.
Fault: straight stifle, sickle hocks, straight knee/’peg-leg’ when walking.
Paws:
Round, strong, compact, with elastic and soft pads.
PLUS: extra consideration shall be given to dogs who show longer tufts of hair between paws, especially with downy undercoat-type fur between toes.
Gait:
Agile, smooth and balanced. The forearms and hind legs move in parallel.
Color:
Any color is permissible; however skin of the nose and eye lids is black, except liverwurst.
Coat:
Shorter on the muzzle, face, flat portion on sides of shoulder blades and hindquarters. Some feathering on legs and thighs. Double coat. Outer coat is longer on the neck, chest, and over the withers and down the line of the back, by a visibly noticeable amount. The undercoat in winter should be well developed to protect the dog from the elements. Coats should shed cleanly at least once/year, and be able to be pulled smoothly from the remaining coat without excessive matting or struggle in grooming. Undercoat is softer and finer than outercoat.
Fault: inability to shed cleanly, matting up and needing assistance for shedding.
Size:
Minimum 27 inches 67sm at the withers for males and 2563sm inches for females. The weight should be according to the size, at least 106lbs 45kg for females and at least 165lbs 70 kg for males by three years of age. Average weight is 118 lbs 51 kg females, 177 lbs males.75kg, when proportioned parameters may be higher
Faults in addition to above:
Any significant deviation from minimum size parameters quoted in this standard.
Light colored eye lids, lips or nose.
Excessively long, short or narrow muzzle.
Yellow teeth.
Missing teeth
Protruding or bulging eyes.
Lacking sufficient angulation at hindquarters and in hock.
straight stifle.
Sway or roach back, long loin, short croup.
Any other bite but scissors.
feet not aligned parallel to body
Disqualifying features
Markedly timid or aggressive behavior.
‘bulldog’ type
Lack of double coat, lack of undercoat December-May.
Bilateral or unilateral cryptorchidism.
Blindness or deafness.
Lack of difference in coat length over withers, neck and chest
MEMBERS OF THE COMMISSION

President of Kennel Union of Armenia V. Gabrielyan, IKU dog expert
Chairperson of Breeding Commission, Head Veterinary Doctor of Kennel and Kennel-Sports Union of Armenia K. Petrosyan, dog expert of Kennel and Kennel-Sports Union of Armenia
Owner of «MKHITAR» Armenian Wolfhound Kennel V. Mkhitaryan, Candidate of Biologic Sciences, one-breed expert
Chairperson of «Commissar Reke» Service Dog Club K. Agharonyan, animal technician, one-breed expert
Chairperson of Cynological Service of «Hunters’ Union of Armenia» S. Aslanyan, 4th Group Expert, Candidate of Biologic Sciences
Armenian Wolfhound Breeder R. Papikyan, Representative of Gampr Fanciers’ Association

 

CARÁCTER, CONDUCTA

 

Es un perro potente, fuerte a quien hay que amaestrar especialmente y tiene funciones que vienen del Dios.  Es multi-funcional –perro lobo, vigilante, salvador,  luchador,  guarda. Es independiente, se encariña  con la familia  y se siente miembro de la familia.  Es bastante independiente, no tiene características de agresión, es un perro bastante calmoso con la psíquica equilibrada.

 

 

APARIENCIA

 

Es grande, bien equilibrada, físicamente desarrollada, con osambre bueno, con la cabeza grande cuñiforme bonita, cuello potente, caja torácica desarrollada, línea de abdomen expresada, ajustada, cuerpo fuerte. Las extremidades paralelas directas con los ángulos bien destacados de las extremidades posteriores. Es bonito, fuerte, ágil, déja impresión inolvidable.    

 

 

TIPO DE CONSTITUCIÓN

 

Es  fuerte y al mismo tiempo bruto con la osambra maciza, con la musculatura bien desarrollada y con el piel gordo.   

 

FORMATO

 

ÍNDICE DE ALARGAMIENTO ES 108-110

 

 CABEZA

 

Es grande,  destacada, bien desarrollada pero con pómulos destacados, sin señales de ser sequete, impresionante. La craneal es ancho con traspasación suave de  frente a hocico. Para Gampr son características mandíbulas  fuertes. 60 de la longitud total es el cráneo y el resto, 40 es el hocico. La frente es plana y casi es paralelo al entrecejo. Las orejas están un poco bajo del nivel de los ojos. Los ojos son castaños o melosos depende de la genética del piel con la mirada Armenia que estudia , es inteligente y tiene experiencia. El término se usa para describir a los GAMPRS.  La expresión austera y seria de los ojos se revela aun entre los perritos cuando tienen sólo algunas semanas. Los dientes son blancos, fuertes, bien desarrolladas.  En la boca están apretadas uno al otro. Los centros de los dientes están en una línea, oclusión de la forma de tijeras. El cuello es fuerte, firme, musculado, de declive mediana y de longitud mediana. La expresión rigurosa y seria de los ojos se nota entrelos perritos cuando tienen sólo algunas semanas. Los dientes son blancos, fuertes, bien desarrollados. En la boca los dientes están apretados uno al otro. Los centros de los dientes están en una línea. Oclusión -de la forma de tijeras.

 

   

 

CUELLO

 

El cuello es fuerte, firme, musculado, de declive mediana y de longitud mediana

 

 CUERPO

 

La longitud se forma a cuenta de la caja torácica y no de riñones. El tórax es ancho y profundo, con la caja torácica un poco redonda. La línea inferior de tórax tiene que estar  en el nivel de coyuntura. El abdomen continúa la línea de tórax, es ajustado. El testuzo entre los animales se destaca sobre la línea de la espalda. La espalda es directa, musculista y fuerte. Los riñones son cortos y musculistas. El culo es alargado, ancho y directo.

 

 

 

TAMAÑOS

 

La altura del testuzo de los perros no es menos que 67 cm y  el de las perras no menos que 63 cm, en caso de la constitución proporcional el testuzo puede ser más largo y llegar a ser K -74-77 cm,  y C-65-71 cm.  El peso tiene que corresponder al tamaño general del perro  y  generalmente varia entre 45-50 kg hasta 70 kg, pero puede ser y más.

 

 

PATAS DELANTERAS

 

Al mirar  por delante son directas, paralelas uno al otro. Los codos y húmeros  forman el ángulo  de la articulación  humeral –escapular casi 108-110  grados. Los antebrazos son directos, macizos, puestos paralelamente.  Las muñecas son largas, macizas, puestas paralelamente. Al mirar del perfil las muñecas están puestas oblicuamente.  

 

   

 

EXTREMIDADES POSTERIORES

 

Al mirar  por detrás – directas y paralelas uno al otro, de perfil – un poco enderezadas en la  articulación de la rodilla y el tarsus, son fuertes, anchas , musculistas. Articulación de la rodilla es bien destacada. Los tarsos son macisos, están al nivel de caderas. Los calcañales son bien destacadas.  La parte ante - calcañal es larga y fuerte. 

 

PATAS

 

Redondas, firmes, como si acumuladas en una pelota con almohadillas suaves y negras.

 

 

RABO

 

Está  puesta  alto, en la situación calma – bajada. Al andar o cuando está irritado  se sube sobre la espalda y tiene una forma de segadera o de anillo.

 

 

PELAJE

 

El pelaje es de longitud mediana 2-6 cm con peladillos bien desarrollados,  corto en el hocico y en las extremidades que defiende al perro en las cualquiera condición climática, así como influye en la longitud del pelo  en las regiones con el clima más frio y aun puede  llegar a ser de la longitud de 13 y más cm. Se realiza trabajo para reconocer al tipo de largo pelajo en las organizaciones cinológicas internacionales porque en Armenia ese tipo siempre se ha reconocido con el pelo alargado.  

 

GENÉTICA DE PELAJE

La genética de pelaje puede ser de cualquier tiepo excepto de color chocolate. Se prefiere el negro.   



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